Mexican Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard travels to Washington on Tuesday to witness the signing by Donald Trump of the free trade agreement between Mexico, the United States and Canada (USMCA), scheduled for Wednesday, Foreign Ministry sources said.
On Monday, the Canadian Parliament began the process of ratifying the new North American trade agreement, called USMCA, the last step necessary for the agreement negotiated by the United States, Mexico and Canada to replace the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), in force since 1994.
The government of Justin Trudeau expects the Conservative Party, the main opposition formation with 121 MPs, to support the ratification of the agreement, which is expected to be ratified this week.
In view of the expected approval by Canada, Foreign Minister Ebrard will travel to Washington on behalf of Mexico and its president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, who has not left the country since he took office, as he prefers to focus on national issues.
In Washington, U.S. President Donald Trump will hold a signing ceremony of the trade agreement on Wednesday after it was endorsed by the chambers of commerce in recent days.
On November 30th, 2018, the presidents of Mexico, Enrique Peña Nieto (2012-2018), the United States, Donald Trump, and Canada, Justin Trudeau, signed the USMCA after a year of tense negotiations to update the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), in force since 1994.
But during 2019, the U.S. Democratic opposition blocked the ratification process in the lower house because of distrust in the enforcement of labor standards in Mexico.
On December 10th, representatives of the three governments signed in Mexico City the final text that included some demands from the Democrats on labor issues and the origin of steel in the automotive sector.
On January 16th, the U.S. Senate approved the new trade agreement between Mexico, the United States and Canada, known as USMCA, in a success for Trump, since it was one of his main election promises.
In this way, the Senate joined the U.S. House of Representatives, which already gave its approval in December to the pact, which now only needs the signature of Trump for its implementation in that country, and ratification in Canada to enter into force.
The first country to ratify the USMCA was Mexico. It did so in June and repeated the process on Dec. 12, after last-minute changes agreed to by the White House and U.S. Democrats.