The UN General Assembly began on Tuesday with nationalist speeches by US President Donald Trump and Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro on a day marked by tensions with Iran and in which the US opposition’s announcement of a “political trial” against Trump took centre stage.
These have been the keys:
NATIONALISM AND ANTI-GLOBALISM FROM TRUMP AND BOLSONARO
Once again, Donald Trump has used the podium of the United Nations Assembly to charge against the multilateralism embodied by this international body and to advocate nationalism and patriotism.
“The future does not belong to the globalists, the future belongs to the patriots. The future belongs to sovereign and independent nations,” said the U.S. head of state.
This year, the soflame of the White House resident found echo in the speech of the president of Brazil, a country that traditionally opens the debates of the General Assembly.
In his first speech at the UN, he charged against socialism, which opposed patriotism and those who claim that the Amazon is the lung of the world and the heritage of humanity.
THE IRANIAN CRISIS
The Iranian crisis has erupted with force during the week, unleashing opposing speeches. From Trump’s aggressiveness to the calls for dialogue from French President Emmanuel Macron.
In his opening speech, Trump defended that “all nations have a duty to act” against Iran’s “violent attacks”, in reference to the aggressions against two oil refineries in Saudi Arabia on September 14 for which the United States blames Tehran, which has roundly denied it.
“No responsible government should satisfy Iran’s desire for blood,” he said.
At another extreme, Macron, while also blaming Iran for the attacks on the oil company Aramco, urged Washington and Tehran to resume their talks.
“It is now time to resume negotiations between the U.S. and Iran,” Macron said, noting that this dialogue should also involve the countries that signed the 2015 nuclear agreement with the Central Asian country and the states in the region affected by the crisis.
U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres warned on Tuesday that the world “cannot afford” a war in the Persian Gulf and urged moderation. “We are faced with the alarming possibility of armed conflict in the Gulf, the consequences of which the world cannot afford,” Guterres said.
BOLSONARO’S DEFENSE OF SOVEREIGNTY OVER THE AMAZON
The Brazilian president took advantage of his speech to ask for “respect” for his country’s sovereignty in the Amazon. Likewise, on the hundreds of fires that affected the Amazon, and that ecological groups attributed to a supposed lack of action by his government, Bolsonaro insisted that there was a campaign of “disinformation” created by Oenegés and that even encouraged some “colonialist” feelings that persist in the world.
“It is a mistake to say that the Amazon is the patrimony of humanity and it is a mistake, as scientists affirm, to say that our forest is the lung of the world. Relying on these fallacies, some countries, instead of helping, have followed the lies of the media and have behaved without respect and in a colonialist spirit,” he said.
THE IRRUPTION OF THE “IMPEACHMENT” AGAINST TRUMP
Shortly after Trump’s speech, the U.S. Democratic opposition announced that they would open an impeachment investigation against the president.
The news overshadowed the president’s participation at the summit, who in a muted and complacent speech said that “the United States is by far the most powerful country in the world,” although he was confident that Washington “will not have to use that power”.
ARGENTINA, CHILE CHARGE AGAINST VENEZUELA
The presidents of Argentina, Mauricio Macri, and Chile, Sebastián Piñera, who were the first Latin American leaders to speak at the General Assembly, along with Bolsonaro, charged in their speeches against Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro.
“Nicolás Maduro’s dictatorship has plunged Venezuela into an unprecedented humanitarian crisis,” Macri said before calling on the international community to use diplomacy to achieve democracy in the country.
He asked the UN to end the “corrupt dictatorship of Venezuela, which does not respect human rights,” since their situation of economic and social crisis endangers the lives of its citizens and “is a cause that belongs to all Latin America”.